Every industrial business needs an efficient oven to cook, bake, cure, or heat different materials needed to manufacture various products. These ovens are basically heat chambers that vary in size, temperature, volume, application, and additional features. An industrial oven is typically designed and used for a specific purpose. Whether it’s baking, curing, drying, cooking, or heating, you will need a specific type of industrial oven to fulfill your purpose. Industrial ovens are used in several industries, such as food production, chemical processing, and the production of electronics and circuit boards. Here are some industrial oven designs that you can choose from depending on your business needs.
As the name suggests, this oven is typically used for smaller products and offers more portability compared to other designs. These can be loaded and unloaded with ease and meet almost every processing need. Cabinet ovens come in a myriad of options that differ in size, temperature range, construction, and features. Most cabinet ovens are easy to use and assemble. These ovens are typically used for a range of industrial process heating needs, such as aging, heat treating, drying, stress-relieving, powder coating, annealing, R&D, paint curing, etc. Cabinet ovens are often categorized with lab ovens as both are typically used for smaller parts.
Also known as walk-in ovens, this design is used for truck loading and unloading with ease. You can either load it manually or use a fork truck. The temperature range of a walk-in or truck-in oven ranges from 600 or 650 F to 1000 F and above. Common applications of truck-in ovens include baking, bonding, curing, annealing, bonding, heat treating, etc. You can choose among many other truck-in oven configurations to suit your needs. When picking a truck-in oven, look for one that has adjustable louvers for adequate airflow and temperature uniformity. Additional features such as digital readouts will help you monitor the temperature in the chamber.
Continuous, or conveyor, ovens are used for higher volume or heavy-duty processing and are integrated within conveyor processing lines. A conveyor belt is passed through the main oven, which carries the products or materials to the next production line. Basic applications of continuous ovens include cooking, curing, and sterilizing. When an object passes under a conveyor oven, it removes moisture, cures its coat, or cooks it. The manufacturing experts at pqovens.com/industrial-ovens/ recommend customizing your continuous oven by consulting your dealer. Since this type of oven is usually equipped with separate heating and cooling chambers, the processing time is less and the results are more consistent than those of other designs.
If you need to apply the heat treatment process to your raw materials at every stage, a batch oven should be your ideal choice. It is also useful if the raw materials are continuously changed between the process stages. Every processing batch carries different raw materials or ingredients that undergo the same heating process. Other applications include aging, drying, curing, and annealing. Various production settings include processing the raw materials on trucks, carts, and racks. Depending on your requirements, you can choose between manual or automated loading. Batch ovens are often labeled as truck-in and cabinet ovens, which are used to produce bakery items in large quantities, such as in supermarkets.
This type of oven is often used for the soldering of electronic components, which primarily includes printed circuit boards (PCB) and surface mount electronic components. Reflow ovens come in various sizes, from small boxes apt for lab applications to conveyor belt reflow ovens for large scale industrial operations. In the past, infrared (IR) heating technology was used to manufacture electronic components, which has now changed to a process involving convection heat transfer. A typical reflow oven is integrated with several heating zones (up to 8 or 12) and cooling sections. Every circuit board that passes through a reflow oven is exposed to the required thermal and temperature set points.
Laboratory ovens are used in research labs and settings that incorporate forensic, clinical, and material processing applications. This type of oven is usually used for baking, curing, sterilizing, and evaporating raw materials. Common types of lab ovens are heavy-duty ovens, standard digital ovens, vacuum ovens, high-temperature ovens, gravity convection ovens, and forced air convection ovens.
This comprehensive list covers the most common types and designs of industrial ovens to help you choose the best one for your business. Before you pick one, consider what you will use it for to make the right choice. Since the type of oven you choose will directly affect your production, you must take the time to find the most suitable option for your business.